Friends, you all must know what is Android & History of Android Versions. Nowadays everyone has an Android mobile. So you must be thinking that if we know about Android, then what will we tell you about Android.
So today we will give you complete information about Android. We will also inform you about the versions of Android. So friends move on to the article, what is Android?
What is Android
First of all, let me tell you that Android is an Operating System that is based on Linux Kernel. Android is such an operating system using which you can create applications that run on mobile. This Operating System is designed keeping the mobile in mind.
Android is the best operating system for designing mobile applications. Whatever you see on your mobile screen, visible because of all the operating systems. Whatever the message is, it is visible to the person in the language that is understood.
All this happens because of the OS. As you know that Android is an operating system, so let me tell you that there are many versions of Android too. Android Lollipop, Marshmallow, Oreo, etc. All these are the names of the version of Android OS.
History of Android
Andy Rubin is the developer of Android OS. In the year 2005, Google bought it and made Andy Rubin the head of Android development. Android was a new and interesting concept, so google bought it. In March 2013, Andy Rubin was to work on his second project, due to which he decided to leave the company. Sundar Pichai was taken in place of Andy Rubin. Sundar Pichai was the head of Chrome OS.
So this is the history of Android in Hindi
Versions of Android / Android Versions
Android 1.0 Alpha
Android 1.1 Beta
Android 1.5 Cupcake
Android 1.6 Donut
Android 2.1 Eclair
Android 2.3 Froyo
Android 2.3 Gingerbread
Android 3.2 Honeycomb
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
Android 4.4 KitKat
Android 5.0 Lollipop
Android 5.1 Lollipop
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android 7.1 Nougat
Android 8.0 Oreo
Android 8.1 Oreo
Android 9.0 Pie
Android Version 1.0 to 1.1: No codename
Android formally publish its humanoid version 1.0 in Sep 2008. it’s the initial version of the humanoid OS. It supports the application program to point out markup language and XHTML web content, camera, access internet email server (POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP).
This version contains Google Calendar, Google Maps, Google correct, Google Search, Google speak, Instant electronic communication, Media player, Notifications seem within the standing bar, wallpaper, YouTube video player, grandfather clock, Calculator, Dialer, photos (Gallery), Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support.
Android version 1.5: Cupcake
On Apr twenty seven, 2009, the humanoid updated to 1.5 with the codename of the course item (Cupcake).
it’s UNIX operating system kernel two.6.27. It supports a third-party virtual keyboard, video, and playback in MPEG-4, a Copy and paste feature, Animated screen translations, auto-rotation possibility, the ability to transfer a video to YouTube, transfer photos to Picasa, check phone usage history.
Android version 1.6: Donut
On 15 Sept 2009, Android 1.6 was free with the name doughnut. It contains varied new options like voice and text entry search, bookmarker history, contacts, web, “speak” a string of text, quicker camera access, the user will choose multiple photos for deletion, support text-to-speech engine, WVGA screen resolutions.
Android version 2.0 to 2.1: Eclair
On 26 October 2009, Android 2.0 was free, whose codename was chou. it absolutely was supported UNIX system kernel a pair of.6.29.
It contains many new options as expanded account synchronize, Microsoft Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1, ability to faucet a Contact ikon and choose to decision, SMS, ability to look all saved SMS, MMS messages, delete the oldest message mechanically once the outlined limit is reached, Minor API, bug fixes.
Android version 2.2 to 2.2.3: Froyo
On 20 May 2010, Android 2.2 (Froyo) was free supported UNIX system kernel a pair of.6.32. It contains many options as speed, memory, performance improvement.
Android version 2.3 to 2.3.7: cake
On 6 December 2010, the automaton a pair of.3 (Gingerbread) was free supported UNIX system kernel a pair of.6.35.
It includes the subsequent changes: support for extra-large screen size and resolutions, updated computer program style with enlarged simplicity and speed, increased copy/paste practicality, choose a word by press-holding, support close to Field Communication (NFC), phone virtualization, new transfer Manager.
It has improved bug fixes for Nexus S, voice or video chat exploitation Google speak, network performance for Nexus S 4G, Gmail application, battery potency, fastened a voice search bug, Google case support for Nexus S 4G.
Android version 3.0 to 3.2.6: Honeycomb
On 22 February 2011, Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) was launched for the primary pill for Android-based on UNIX system kernel a pair of.6.36.
It contains the options like “holographic” computer program for pill, extra system Bar, simplified multitasking sound Recent Application in system Bar, plan the keyboard creating quick writing, fast access to camera exposure, hardware acceleration, support for multi-core processor, UI refinements, property for USB accessories, support for joysticks and gamepads, superior Wi-Fi lock, improved hardware support, Google Books, fastened information property problems once starting off of airplane mode.
Android version 4.0 to 4.0.4: frozen dessert Sandwich
On 19 October 2011, Android 4.0.1 (Ice Cream Sandwich) was launched, that was supported Linux kernel 3.0.1. it was the last version of the formally support Adobe System Flash player.
It introduces the various new features: refinements to “Holo” interface with new Roboto font family, separation of widgets in a very new tab, integrated screenshot capture, improved error correction on the keyboard, improved copy and paste practicality, build-in image editor, mounted minor bugs, improvement to graphics, spell-checking, higher camera performance.
Android version 4.1 to 4.3.1: Jelly Bean
On 27 June 2012, Google declared automaton 4.1(Jelly Bean) within the Google I/O conference. it’s supported UNIX kernel 3.0.31.
It updates to following features: sander computer program, enhance accessibility, expandable notification, mounted bug on Nexus seven, one-finger gestures to expand/collapse notifications, lock screen improvement, multiple user accounts (tablets only), new clock application, Bluetooth low energy support, volume for incoming decision, 4K resolution support, native emoji support, bug fixes for the Nexus seven LTE.
Android version four.4 to 4.4.4: KitKat
On 3 September 2013, Google declared automaton 4.4 (KitKat). Initially, its code name was “Key Lime Pie”. Google started on Google’s Nexus five on Gregorian calendar month thirty one, 2013.
The minimum needed quantity of RAM that ought to access the automaton is 340 MB. the opposite devices with but 512 MB of RAM should report themselves as “low RAM” devices. It includes many new options as the clock now not show daring hours, wireless printing capability, WebViews square measure supported metallic element engine, detector batching, intrinsical screen recording feature, higher application compatibility, camera application hundreds Google+ exposure rather than Gallery.
Android version 5.0 to 5.1.1: Lollipop
Android 5.0 “Lollipop” was ab initio named “Android L” on 25 June 2014. it was formally introduced on Nov twelve, 2014.
Lollipop provides many options like a redesigned computer program, support for 64-bit CPUs, support for print previews, material style, Project Count Alessandro Volta for battery life improvement, multiple user accounts, audio input, and output through USB devices, be a part of Wi-Fi networks, support for multiple SIM cards, device protection, high-definition voice calls, native Wi-Fi business support.
Android version 6.0 – 6.0.1: candy
Android 6.0 “Marshmallow” was disclosed underneath the codename “Android M” on 28 May 2015, for Nexus five and Nexus six phones, Nexus nine pill.
On Gregorian calendar month five, 2015, automaton lunches “Marshmallow” for all automaton devices. It contains assorted new options as the App Standby feature, introduces the Doze mode to avoid wasting battery life, native fingerprint reader support, run-time permission requests, USB-C support, Unicode 7.0 & 8.0 emoji support.
Android version 7.0 to 7.1.2: Nougat
Android 7.0 “Nougat” was the main unleash for the automaton software package. Its initial codename was “Android N”. it was 1st free as a developer preview on 9 March 2016, with works pictures for the Nexus device.
On 22 August 2016, the ultimate preview designed was free with the following features: file-based encoding, center the screen, multi-window support, new knowledge Saver mode, JIT compiler makes seventy five p.c quicker app installation, picture-in-picture support, support manager genus Apis, circular app icons support, send GIFs directly from the default keyboard, battery usage alerts.
Android version 8.0 to 8.1: Oreo
Android 8.0 “Oreo” was the eighth major unleash of the golem OS. it had been initially discharged for developer preview on 21 March 2017. the ultimate developer preview was discharged on July twenty four, 2017.
On 21 August 2017, its stable version was discharged with many features: picture-in-picture support, support for Unicode ten.0 emoji (5.0), restructured settings, adaptive icons, notification channels, notification dots, two times quicker boot time, Google Play shield, Integrated printing support, Neural network API, shared memory API, golem biscuit Go Edition, autofill framework, automatic light-weight, and dark themes.
Android version 9.0: Pie
Android 9.0 “Pie” was the ninth major version of the golem OS. it had been initially declared and preview launched by Google on 7 March 2018. it had been formally discharged on Transfiguration Day, 2018.
it’s the subsequent features: the clock has affected to the left of the notification bar, the “screenshot” button has been another, battery share perpetually shown on the show.
Android version 10:
Android ten is that the tenth intensive version of the golem OS. golem ten has developed beneath the codename “Android Q”.
It was first declared by Google on 13 March 2019. Its initial beta version was discharged on the same day and its second beta was discharged on Gregorian calendar month three 2019.
The stable version of golem ten was discharged on 3 Sep 2019. It contains options like new permissions to access location within the background, floating setting panel, support for AN AV1 video codec, support for identity verification, support for the WPA3 Wi-Fi security.
Android eleven software system is that the eleventh massive unleash of a robot. it’s the eighteenth version of robot mobile OS, which was free on 8 Sept 2020. The alphabetic naming system of the robot, supported deserts, was stopped since robot ten. therefore so, this software system has been branded with “Android 11”.
Is Android Free to Use?
yes, Android Free to Use.
Does Google charge for Android?
No, Google Does Not charge for Android.
Do phone companies pay for android?
The manufacturer companies does not need to pay anything.
Is Android open source?
Yes, Android is an open source operating system.
What is Android
Android is an open source operating system for mobile devices.
In this Post We Read And Understands the What is Android & History of Android versions so in the next we Understands What is Android Studio & its Api, etc.